1. President of the United States job, candidates and responsibility
In The United States, the president is the leader of the executive branch. Do you know what the president does? Let’s find out.
U.S citizens vote for a new president every four years. They choose from a group of people called candidates. These candidates want to become the next president of the United States of America, but not everyone can be a president.
There are a few special rules the president of the United States must be:
- A U.S citizen born in America.
- At least 35 years old.
- A U.S resident or someone who lives in America for at least 14 years.
When a new president is elected, they become the leader of the executive branch. The president is also known as the commander-in-chief of the United States armed forces.
The ceremony marking the beginning of a new president’s duties takes place in front of the Capitol building in Washington D.C. At the ceremony, the new leader of the country promises to preserve and protect the constitution of the United States. Then the new president moves to the White House to live and work. The White House is located in Washington D.C, which is the capital of the United States.
Each morning, the president goes to the Oval Office of the White House to work. One of the president’s duties is to sign important papers. These can include bills passed by Congress.
The U.S president nominates a group of people who will advise and assist him in his duties. Together, these people formed the cabinet of the United States. Ambassadors, Supreme Court Judges and other senior officials are also nominated by the president.
The President of the United States travels all over the world to talk to other leaders.
2. Three Branches of Government
Do you know how laws are made? There are three branches of government in the United States: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Each brand has a special responsibility in the making process.
The Legislative branch makes the laws. The United States Congress runs the Legislative branch. Congress members introduce bills which are ideas for new laws.
A bill cannot become a law until it is approved by the executive branch. The President of the United States is the leader of the Executive branch. The President can approve or veto a bill. When a bill is vetoed, it is rejected. When the president signs a bill, it becomes a law. The Executive branch also enforces laws to make sure that people follow them.
The Judicial branch is made up of the Courts and Judges. The U.S Supreme Court is the highest court in the Judicial branch. Members of the Judicial branch review laws to make sure they are fair.
3. Why voting is important? – Election day
Do you know what it means to vote? When people vote, they make an important choice.
As the citizens, voting is very important. Grown-ups who are 18 and older vote when it is time to choose new leaders for a community. This could be a mayor of a city or the governor of a state. Citizens even vote for the president of the United States. Let’s see what happens when people vote.
On Election day, citizens go to a special place like a ibrary, or a school gym to vote for leaders in their community. Inside, there are many voting booths. These booths help people keep their votes private. Voters select their choices on a ballot and put it in the ballot box. Some voting booths have special computers instead of ballot boxes. After all the votes have been counted, a new leader is chosen.
4. Washington D.C.
Washington D.C. is the capital of the United States of America. It is the city where each U.S president lives and works. Washington D.C. is home to the US government. Many important laws and decisions are made here. The city was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States. George Washington was one of the founders of the American government. The Washington Monument was built in his honor.